Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland, a gland in the neck. The gland has various metabolic processes in the body. There are different types of thyroid disorders that affect either its structure or functions. One specific example of thyroid disorder is goiter, although the disease can cause even thyroid cancer. A goiter describes the enlargement of the thyroid gland.
As problems with the thyroid vary, some common causes are;
Iodine deficiency is caused by a lack of enough iodine in the body. Naturally, iodine is obtained from ordinary table salt and seafood. Inflammation of the thyroid, which can cause pain or sometimes have no pain at all, can also be a cause. Viruses or bacterias cause most of the inflammations. Pregnancy is another cause of thyroid problems and, if not treated, can lead to miscarriages or premature delivery.
When one is faced with these diseases, consultation with your doctor is vital to establish a possible treatment. If the symptoms are mild, medication can be given, but if the symptoms are advanced like cancer, radioactive iodine treatments are given or even surgery. Radioactive iodine can also cure by removing the thyroid; however, all patients discovered with these diseases need a lifelong medical follow up to ensure their health remains at range as well as their thyroid.
It is, therefore, necessary to let your doctor know your history as some diseases are also caused by genetics. Thyroid disorders are also related to feeling tired, and that can prove that one’s thyroid is underactive. Another symptom is feeling down and anxious, meaning your thyroid is hyper. When suffering from hyperthyroidism, the taste buds can also be altered, making one feel hungry all the time, thus an increased appetite. An underactive thyroid, on the other hand, can affect your sense of taste and smell. Too much thyroid hormone can cause low concentration, and too little can cause forgetfulness. Being forgetful should not be linked with menopause in women; instead, it is a thyroid problem.
Little thyroid hormone can cause dry and itchy skin due to reduced sweating. It makes the skin flaky, and nails develop ridges. Additionally, people also complain of constipation due to the slow down of the digestion process, while an overactive thyroid can cause diarrhea. Sometimes people may have painful muscles or general numbness. Another symptom might be high blood pressure, which puts one at risk of hypertension; thus, one should work on lowering their blood pressure. Sometimes too much energy is put on people with hyperthyroidism making them feel uncomfortably warm and sweat profusely.
If one suffers from these symptoms, it is good to seek medical advice. Failing to visit your doctor will only cause the condition to be severe. However, if you talk to your doctor as soon as possible, you will get appropriate advice. You will, therefore, start on treatment early enough; thus, you will not ail for long. Seeking medical attention will also be smart since you will discover your condition and learn how to take care of yourself.